What to Know
- Former President Barack Obama delivered a speech in Philadelphia Wednesday on the third night of the virtual Democratic National Convention.
- Obama made his case for why his former vice president Joe Biden should become the president of the United States.
- After Obama's speech, Democratic vice presidential nominee Kamala Harris was officially nominated, making her the first Black and South Asian woman to appear on a major political party’s ticket.
Former President Barack Obama delivered a speech in Philadelphia Wednesday on the third night of the virtual Democratic National Convention.
Obama began speaking shortly before 10:30 p.m. at the Museum of the American Revolution and made his case for why his former vice president Joe Biden should become the president of the United States while issuing a scathing rebuke of President Trump.
In excerpts released ahead of his address, the former president accused Trump of unleashing America’s “worst impulses” and treating the presidency as a reality show “to get the attention he craves."
Obama also puts the stakes in the November election in stark terms, warning that the future of American democracy is on the line in the race between Trump and Democratic nominee Joe Biden.
“I am also asking you to believe in your own ability — to embrace your own responsibility as citizens — to make sure that the basic tenets of our democracy endure,” Obama said.
Obama spoke ahead of Kamala Harris, Biden's running mate — the nation’s first Black president handing off to the first Black woman on a major party presidential ticket.
Even in the heat of campaigns, former presidents are typically more restrained than other politicians in their criticisms of a sitting president. Yet Obama's remarks — his most personal and direct critique of Trump yet — reveal the 44th president's striking disregard for the nation's current commander in chief. He says that while he hoped Trump might come to take the presidency seriously, he now believes he is simply incapable of doing so.
Obama's headlining role at the convention was aimed in part at galvanizing younger, more liberal voters who may not have a natural affinity for the 77-year-old Biden, a career politician with a more moderate record. Democrats see Obama as a bridge to those voters, someone who can speak both to Biden's character and to the urgency of progressives pushing for more sweeping change to the nation's economic and domestic policies.
“He is an incomparable witness for Biden,” David Axelrod, a longtime Obama political adviser. “But he also speaks compellingly to young people restless not just to purge Trump, but to achieve real, meaningful change.”
Obama forged a close personal relationship with Biden during their eight years together in the White House and has been a sounding board for him throughout the 2020 campaign. In excerpts of his speech, Obama says that when he set out to pick a vice president, “I didn’t know I’d end up finding a brother.”
Yet there’s an inherent tension in Obama’s role as one of the most powerful and important surrogates for Biden. Obama’s own political rise was fueled by the power of barrier-breaking, generational change, and he’s encouraged “new blood” in politics. More recently, Obama drew attention during the 2020 Democratic primary when he said many of the world’s problems have been due to “old people, usually old men, not getting out of the way.”
With the general election now in full swing, Obama confidants say that while the former president’s support for Biden is unequivocal, he does worry about enthusiasm among younger voters, particularly younger voters of color. He’s well aware that one of the reasons Trump currently occupies the Oval Office is that those voters did not show up in the same large numbers in 2016 for Hillary Clinton as they did when he was on the ballot.
Obama’s wife, former first lady Michelle Obama, spoke directly to those concerns in her own well-received address on Monday’s opening night of the convention, urging Democrats to “vote like we did in 2008 and 2012.” The president is expected to make a similarly urgent appeal, as well as take aim at what an aide described as “the cynical moves by the current administration and the Republican Party to discourage Americans from voting.”
The fact that the Obamas are headliners on two of the four nights of the Democratic convention speaks to the crucial role they have in helping Biden try to reassemble the coalition that propelled them into the White House — and the challenge the Democratic Party has in building a new bench of other leaders who can do the same.
“When you think about folks who have the capacity to really unify us, there are only a few people,” said Yvette Simpson, chief executive of Democracy for America, a progressive political action committee. “Certainly Barack Obama and Michelle Obama are among them.”
Indeed, the former president has enviable popularity, both among Democrats and all Americans. A Fox News poll conducted in May found 93% of Democrats had a favorable opinion of Obama, as did 63% of all registered voters.
Despite that strong support, there has been some rethinking of Obama’s legacy among some of his party’s most liberal activists, who argue he didn’t go far enough in overhauling the nation’s health care system and gave too much away to Republicans in fiscal negotiations. Obama himself has acknowledged there was more he wanted to do, but argued he was hamstrung by the realities of a Republican-controlled House, and eventually Senate, for much of his tenure.
But some of Obama’s more recent comments have energized liberals, who see signs of him embracing some of the tactics of his party’s activist wing. Progressives cheered in particular when Obama called for eliminating the Senate filibuster rules requiring 60 votes on major pieces of legislation, calling it a “Jim Crow relic” that is holding up rewriting voting rights laws. His surprise comments came during his eulogy at the funeral of the late civil rights leader and Georgia Rep. John Lewis.
“That’s the guy we remember from the election of 2008,” Simpson said of Obama’s remarks at Lewis’ funeral. “It encouraged me that he might be the guy that pulls Joe Biden along a little bit.”
Obama has delivered memorable speeches in Philadelphia in the past. During a campaign rally at Eakins Oval for Hillary Clinton in 2016, he jokingly told the crowd he was scouting Philadelphia Eagles quarterback Carson Wentz ahead of the team’s matchup against the Chicago Bears.
During Obama’s 2008 presidential campaign, he gave his famed “A More Perfect Union” speech at the Constitution Center in Old City.