Nelson Mandela’s Life and Times

Mandela, who led South Africa's anti-apartheid movement, has died.

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Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s iconic former president whose lifelong struggle against apartheid helped break the country’s system of racial discrimination, died Dec. 5, 2013, at the age of 95.
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Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s iconic former president whose lifelong struggle against apartheid helped break the country’s system of racial discrimination, died Dec. 5, 2013, at the age of 95. Nelson Mandela (born Rolihlahla) was born July 18, 1918, in the small village of Mvezo to a chief named Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa.
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Shown here in the 1950's, he was the first person in his family to receive a Western education.
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Nelson Mandela is seen here as a young boxer in the 1950's. Throughout the 1940's, Mandela perused a career in law after graduating from the University of South Africa in 1942.
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One of the three ANC Youth Leaders, Nelson Mandela (center) was put on trial at the Johannesburg Supreme Court for his involvement in the 1952 Defiance Campaign. The Defiance Campaign encouraged blacks to defy apartheid laws.
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In 1962 Mandela was arrested and convicted of sabotage and conspiracy to overthrow the government, being sentenced to life imprisonment.Mandela served time doing hard labor while an international campaign lobbied for his release.
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In 1987, Nelson Mandela, serving as a political prisoner, fell ill with early signs of tuberculosis and was hospitalized at Tygerberg Hospital in Cape Town. Protesters and well-wishers gathered outside to show their support for him and the apartheid struggle.
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Mandela was released in 1990 and went on to push for reconciliation between whites and blacks as the bedrock of the Rainbow Nation. A bronze statue depicts Mandela's walk to freedom following his release after 27 years of incarceration,
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A jubilant Sowetan holds up a newspaper announcing the release of Nelson Mandela at a mass ANC rally. In 1990, South African President de Klerk lifted the 30-year-old ban on the ANC. And, Nelson Mandela walked out of Victor Vester prison after being sentenced to life imprisonment.
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A balloon bearing a welcome sign for Nelson Mandela floats over Soweto's Soccer City stadium, where the released ANC leader addressed the crowd of 120,000. For many South Africans, the site has been hallowed ground for two decades, not because of sports, but as a historic venue in the anti-apartheid struggle.
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Former U.S. presidential candidate Jesse Jackson visited the Mandela's Soweto home in South Africa following Nelson's release from prison. The duo are old allies in the human rights struggle both domestically and abroad.
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Deputy leader of the African National Congress, Nelson Mandela waved from a Strasbourg's Town Hall balcony in June of 1990. Following his release from prison, Mandela led the ANC in negotiations that ultimately led to South Africa's first multi-racial election.
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In May 1990, South African President Frederik de Klerk and Mandela were spotted before talks began between the ANC and the country's government. The pair received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 for their leadership through the negotiations.
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Mandela delivered a speech in Cape Town on February 11, 1990--his first since being released from jail. Here, he urged peace and reconciliation with the country's white majority while making it clear that the ANC's armed struggle was not over.
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Following his release from prison, Nelson Mandela embarked on a world tour, meeting with Margaret Thatcher, the US Congress, and George H.W. Bush in June 1990.
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Nelson Mandela received the Martin Luther King Jr. International Freedom Award from King's widow Coretta Scott King during a ceremony at the Big Bethel AME church on Wednesday, June 27, 1990. Mandela was the first recipient of the award.
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On July 27, 1991, Cuban President Fidel Castro and Mandela celebrated during the "Day of the Revolution" in Matanzas. South Africa's former president has said Castro's actions and writings significantly influenced his political makeup.
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Three years before becoming South Africa's first black president, Nelson Mandela met with President George H. W. Bush in the White House Oval Office.
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President Bill Clinton presented the Philadelphia Liberty Medal to the African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela and South African President F.W. de Klerk in 1993.
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April 27, 1994, was South Africa's first all-race elections. Mandela became South Africa's first black President.
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Mandela was president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, the first president of the country to be elected following the fall of the apartheid system. His administration focused on dismantling apartheid's legacy, and cutting racism, poverty and inequality.
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President Nelson Mandela paid a visit to Robben Island and his former cell in 1995. He looks through the bars at the freedom on the outside.
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Mandella sat next to wife Graca Machel as the duo were driven across the field ahead of the 2010 World Cup final soccer match between the Netherlands and Spain at Soccer City in Johannesburg.
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In December 2012, Mandela was admitted to the hospital, suffering a lung infection. Mandela has a history of lung problems dating back to when he contracted tuberculosis as a political prisoner in the notorious Robben Island jail under the apartheid regime.
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For some, Mandela's illness has brought a sense of unity to a country that remains often bitterly divided by race and economics.
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South African citizens celebrated former President Nelson Mandela's birthday on July 18, 2013 in Pretoria. Mandela became a symbol of the anti-apartheid movement after facing imprisonment and persecution, as well as much acclaim. Click through to see the highlights of political and social stalwart's life.
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A man brings a flower to celebrate the birthday of former South African President Nelson Mandela. He spent his 95th birthday in hospital but his health was "steadily improving", South Africa's presidency said, as people around the world honoured his legacy with charitable acts.
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Children dance and celebrate as people wave a banner of Nelson Mandela to celebrate his 95th birthday outside the Mediclinic Heart Hospital where he is being treated on July 18, 2013 in Pretoria, South Africa.
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An artist who goes by the name "Franco the Great" stands in front of a mural of South African leader Nelson Mandela that he painted in 1995, and later added U.S. President Barack Obama, on 125th Street in the Harlem neighborhood of New York, Thursday, Dec. 5, 2013. Mandela, South Africa's first black president, died after a long illness. He was 95.
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People sign a poster of South African former president Nelson Mandela in Soweto on December 6, 2013 as they pay tribute following his death in Johannesburg.
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People gather and light candles during a commemoration ceremony one day before the first anniversary of the death of former President and Nobel peace laureate Nelson Mandela in Soweto city near Johannesburg, South Africa on December 04, 2014.
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People gather in front of the portrait of Nelson Mandela during a commemoration ceremony one day before the first anniversary of the death of former President and Nobel peace laureate Nelson Mandela in Soweto city near Johannesburg, South Africa on December 04, 2014.
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South African children cheer and pose beside the Nelson Mandela statue at the Union Buildings in Pretoria on December 5, 2014. South Africans are spending the day in rememberance of the anti-apartheid hero that passed away on the 5th of December 2013.
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Graça Machel (L) widow of late South African President Nelson Mandela carries a wreath to be laid at a veterans wreath-laying ceremony at the Union Buildings, Pretoria on December 5, 2014.
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Mandela's lawyer George Bizos leaves a wreath in front of the Mandela's Statue at Freedom Park in Pretoria during the first anniversary of former President and Nobel peace laureate Nelson Mandela's death on December 5, 2014.
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