Supreme Court nominee Merrick Garland submitted a questionnaire detailing his experience to the Senate Judiciary Committee on Tuesday, another step in the White House's effort to break a Senate blockade on his nomination.
GOP Sen. Charles Grassley of Iowa, the panel's chairman, has said he won't consider the nomination. But the White House had Garland fill out a questionnaire, anyway. The committee posted the document online, as is routine with nominations.
Garland is currently the chief judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. In thousands of pages of documents, he lists details of his work experience, his biographical background, his memberships and associations, his most significant cases, pro bono work and financial information.
His account of his most significant opinions includes one that upheld a ban on campaign contributions from federal contractors. Another affirmed the application of the Endangered Species Act to a commercial real estate project that threatened a protected toad. Two others sided with people mounting job discrimination lawsuits.
In his long career on the bench and as a Justice Department official before that, Garland developed a reputation for being pro-prosecutor and pro-government.
But in his listing of significant opinions, he includes one case in which he voted to throw out a criminal conviction for a drug trafficking conspiracy, a second dissenting opinion in which he would have allowed lawsuits to continue against private contractors over allegations of abuse at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq and a third that sided with a Uighur detainee at Guantanamo Bay who challenged his status as an "enemy combatant."
He also cites his role as a federal prosecutor in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing case and the prosecution of Unabomber Ted Kaczynski as two of his most significant cases as a lawyer before becoming a judge.
Garland reported that he was first called by the White House about the Supreme Court vacancy on Feb. 29 — 16 days after Justice Antonin Scalia's death. He said he was interviewed by President Obama on March 9, a week before Obama announced his nomination.
The White House said the questionnaire is intended to present "an exhaustive picture" of Garland's service on the bench and of his "impeccable credentials."
The questionnaire is a standard early step in the vetting of any judicial nominee. The lengthy survey typically is drafted by the committee, completed by the nominee, and then reviewed and made public by the committee in advance of committee hearings. In this case, Grassley's panel didn't send a questionnaire to Garland because Republicans said they have no intention of acting on his nomination. So the White House had Garland fill out what it described as a standard form and sent it, unsolicited, to the committee.
So in Garland's atypical nomination, the questionnaire has become another tool in the White House pressure campaign. Senate Republicans have maintained that the next president should choose the Scalia's replacement.
Shortly after the questionnaire was posted online, Senate Democrats used it to call once more on Republicans to hold hearings and vote. In a news conference, Democrats on the Judiciary Committee warned Republicans that presumptive GOP presidential nominee Donald Trump could pick the next justice.
Illinois Democratic Sen. Dick Durbin joked that Trump might bring television personality Judge Judy out of retirement. "I don't want to make light of the situation because it's extremely serious," Durbin said. "But imagining Donald Trump picking a Supreme Court justice is something I never thought would cross my mind."
Garland has been meeting privately with senators on so-called courtesy visits and conducted some prep sessions with the White House.
He's scheduled to meet Tuesday with Sen. Ron Johnson, R-Wisc., and Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, the White House said.
"We expect that upon receiving the questionnaire, Senate Judiciary Committee members will do their jobs by reviewing the information, scheduling a hearing so that the American people can hear directly from Chief Judge Garland as he answers questions under oath, and giving him a fair up or down vote," Hoffine said.
Garland plans to continue his meetings with lawmakers this week. Garland is slated to meet with Democratic Sens. Barbara Mikulski of Maryland, Ed Markey of Massachusetts and Tom Carper of Delaware, on Wednesday and Sen. Jon Tester of Montana on Thursday, the White House said.