Debate questions Tuesday about public school funding in Pennsylvania exposed big differences in how the three candidates for the Republican nomination for governor to challenge Democratic Gov. Tom Wolf would approach or fund public schools.
To a great extent, it appeared that two candidates — Paul Mango and Scott Wagner — would be unwilling to devote more money to public schools, in contrast with the third candidate, Laura Ellsworth. Steering children toward alternatives, such as charters, played heavily into their responses, and they clashed in a similar fashion over whether the state should eliminate school property taxes.
The debate came as a lawsuit working its way through the courts contends that Pennsylvania state government has failed in its obligation to students, a case that could eventually have a dramatic effect on the shape of public education in the state. It also comes as West Virginia teachers are in a nine-day strike in protest after going without a salary increase in four years.
The questions — including one about whether Pennsylvania's schools are funded fairly and adequately and what would they do to improve student success — came at a debate sponsored by the Greater Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce.
Mango, a former health care systems consultant from suburban Pittsburgh, said spending more on schools has nothing to do with doing a better job at teaching students to be competitive in a global economy and to be great citizens.
"I don't know whether they're fair and adequate, but I know that we're not going to throw any more good money after bad money," Mango told more than 150 people at the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia. "And let me tell you why. We took all 500 school districts, and we plotted performance and achievement against cost. There is zero correlation whatsoever."
The state, he said, must expand alternatives to public schools and make it easier for parents to choose an alternative. Wolf has increased public school funding by 15 percent in the last three years, Mango said, and test scores "haven't moved."
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Scott Wagner, a state senator from suburban York who owns the $65 billion waste hauler Penn Waste Inc., said he believes the state spends "enough money" on public schools, while stressing the need for frugality, fewer regulations and more accountability.
"In the last four years, we've put almost $1 billion more into the school system," Wagner said. "Not a nickel has hit the classrooms. It has gone to cover the pension, health care and salary increases that we have seen over the last four years."
Wagner also said he would push for students to hear about career opportunities as early as the 4th grade and, later, suggested that he would seek deep concessions in school employees' benefits — along with those of other public employees — to save billions of dollars.
Laura Ellsworth, a commercial litigation attorney from suburban Pittsburgh who once headed the Greater Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce, said flatly that Pennsylvania's school funding is not fair or adequate.
While she warned against throwing money at a problem to solve it, she suggested that the way schools are funded is holding back learning, and that public schools shouldn't be made to pay for charter schools or other alternatives, as they've done for seven years.
"Right now, we have a system where we are asking school districts to basically slit their wrists and bleed themselves to pay for these alternatives for other children," Ellsworth said. "That makes no sense. We're not incentivizing them to be creative and to deliver learning environments where our children learn. We need to fund alternative education in a more fair and rational way. We cannot starve public school districts either."
Meanwhile, Wagner and Mango said they support legislation to eventually eliminate school property taxes by raising other state taxes, such as on sales and income. Ellsworth said property taxes need to come down and that they should be frozen for seniors, but not eliminated.
"If we remove all property taxes, we will not adequately fund education, and we will remove local control of education and it needs to stay local," Ellsworth said.
The primary election is May 15. Wolf, who is seeking a second term, is unlikely to have a primary opponent.
The debate was not broadcast live, but will be rebroadcast by public television stations and Pennsylvania Cable Network.