The Philadelphia Housing Authority has adopted a universal smoking ban that affects 80,000 residents.
The policy adopted Thursday takes effect Aug. 5 and follows similar moves around the country.
Officials in Philadelphia say a poll shows that about one-third of residents smoke or live with a smoker while 55 percent support a smoking ban.
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Vice chairman Herbert Wetzel tells The Philadelphia Inquirer that officials and residents worked together for months on the new policy.
The plan bans smoking both inside homes and on public-housing property except in designated outdoor areas.
Violations in existing buildings will be asked to attend counseling.
However, leaseholders could face eviction from new buildings after a fourth violation.