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5 Things to Know Before the Stock Market Opens Thursday

Jeenah Moon | Reuters

Here are the most important news, trends and analysis that investors need to start their trading day:

1. Nasdaq futures sink as Facebook plunges over 20% after weak earnings

Nasdaq futures sank more than 2% on Thursday, dragged down by an over 20% premarket decline in shares of Meta Platforms, the morning after the Facebook parent reported weak earnings and lower guidance. Other social media stocks, including Snap and Twitter, also fell sharply in Thursday's premarket. Spotify, which has been embroiled in a controversy over podcaster Joe Rogan, dropped nearly 9% in the premarket after the audio streamer late Wednesday announced a slowdown in premium subscriber growth as part of mixed fourth-quarter financial results.

2. Facebook blames cautious guidance on an expected ad spending slowdown

Facebook's new rebrand logo Meta is seen on smartpone in front of displayed logo of Facebook, Messenger, Intagram, Whatsapp and Oculus in this illustration picture taken October 28, 2021.
Dado Ruvic | Reuters
Facebook's new rebrand logo Meta is seen on smartpone in front of displayed logo of Facebook, Messenger, Intagram, Whatsapp and Oculus in this illustration picture taken October 28, 2021.

Meta's quarterly miss on its bottom line was only the third time that has happened in the Facebook parent's nearly decade history as a public company. While revenue at the tech giant came in better than expected, aggressive investments in augmented/virtual reality pressured overall profitability, while changes to Apple's iOS user tracking policy continued to hurt ad targeting and measurement. Meta blamed its cautious outlook on factors including a decline in user engagement and rising inflation taking a toll on advertiser spending.

  • Meta introduced a new earnings format, now reporting results in two segments: Family of Apps, which includes Facebook, Instagram, Messenger, WhatsApp and other services; and Reality Labs, which includes augmented- and virtual reality-related consumer hardware, software and content.

3. Dow stocks, Honeywell and Merck, lead Thursday's earnings parade

Honeywell International Inc. signage is displayed on a monitor on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) in New York.
Michael Nagle | Bloomberg | Getty Images
Honeywell International Inc. signage is displayed on a monitor on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) in New York.

Shares of Dow component Honeywell International dropped 3.5% in the premarket after the company on Thursday reported mixed fourth-quarter results, beating estimates on earnings and missing on revenue. Honeywell issued forecasts for full-year earnings and revenue that were light of what analysts had been expecting.

Medicine pill is seen with Merck logo displayed on a screen in the background in this illustration photo taken in Poland on October 4, 2021.
NurPhoto | NurPhoto | Getty Images
Medicine pill is seen with Merck logo displayed on a screen in the background in this illustration photo taken in Poland on October 4, 2021.

Dow stock Merck fell 1% in the premarket despite the drugmaker on Thursday reported better-than-expected earnings and revenue for the fourth quarter. Merck expects full-year adjusted per-share profit between $7.12 and $7.27 compared with estimates for $7.29. The company sees full-year revenue of $56.1 billion to $57.6 billion versus estimates for $56.6 billion. Merck said its full-year guidance includes expected sales of $5 billion to $6 billion from Covid pill molnupiravir, developed with Ridgeback Biotherapeutics.

4. Initial jobless claims fall ahead of Friday's jobs report

A career fair in Louisville, Kentucky, on June 23, 2021.
Luke Sharrett/Bloomberg via Getty Images
A career fair in Louisville, Kentucky, on June 23, 2021.

One day after ADP reported that U.S. companies unexpectedly cut 301,000 jobs in January due to the omicron variant surge, the Labor Department reported 238,000 initial jobless claims for the week ended Jan. 29. That's lower than the previous week and not as many as had been forecast. Friday brings the government's January employment report, with estimates for nonfarm payrolls growth of 150,000 jobs. However, Wall Street is starting to wonder whether those additions might be lower or even decline. It's worth noting, though, the ADP numbers have not been a great indicator of the monthly jobs report during the pandemic.

5. Biden's pick for Fed vice chair of supervision to go before Senate panel

Sarah Bloom Raskin, in her role as Deputy Treasury Secretary at the Treasury Department in Washington, October 2, 2014.
Yuri Gripas | Reuters
Sarah Bloom Raskin, in her role as Deputy Treasury Secretary at the Treasury Department in Washington, October 2, 2014.

The Senate Banking Committee will hold a hearing Thursday on President Joe Biden's nomination of Sarah Bloom Raskin to be the next Federal Reserve vice chair for supervision. Raskin, a former Fed governor and senior Treasury Department official who is strongly backed by progressive Democrats, has become a lightning rod for criticism from business groups and fiscal conservatives for her views on climate change. Raskin's husband, Maryland Rep. Jamie Raskin, served as the lead Democratic prosecutor for the unsuccessful 2021 impeachment trial of then-President Donald Trump.

Reuters contributed to this report. Sign up now for the CNBC Investing Club to follow Jim Cramer's every stock move. Follow the broader market action like a pro on CNBC Pro.

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